Usually and mostly we know about three types of pollutions; air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution. These changes to the planet have already caused much of the disastrous conditions for the future. So, in this article, we will discuss Environmental Issues in Pakistan.
Moreover, deforestation that causes land population, pesticide misuse, climatic changes, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters and desertification.
On the surface area of 510.1km², almost 71 percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water. Whereas the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of water while in the air, water exists in the form of vapors in lakes, glaciers, ponds, and air even in you and your cat.
The environment is getting worst day by day as the world’s population is also increasing. At the time of independence, the population of Pakistan was one million while till the end of the 21st century it may last to 300 million population which is more than the American population.
The most intense form of pollution is water impurity, which is however connected with the air pollution. When disposed water passes through the canals to the gutters, it is formed with bacterial organisms which are harmful and hazardous for living organisms. Thus, due to lack of recycling plants like those in London- where water is recycled, in Pakistan, the wasted water passes from the canals through the pipelines to the gutters undergrounded. But through this passage, there are several plants in the canals, lakes, and passages, therefore the bacterial water spoils the land too causing land pollution while killing the micro-organisms.
Water impurity is mainly caused due to the Sewage and wastewater; liquid and garbage household waste, agricultural and factories waste contain toxic chemicals which causes death to aquatic life. So Government should take serious steps to control Environmental Issues in Pakistan.
Moreover, air pollution is caused by biological gases and molecules in the air formed by toxic smokes and various forms of gases. These gases mix with air and form the climate warmer. Resultantly, the hot climate and gases mix together and global warming is occurred causing the depletion of the ozone layer.
The third pollution which is also out of control is noise pollution. The uncontrollable sounds in the environment are causing noise filthiness in the environment. The annoying sounds of vehicles and various transportation cause a heavy danger to the environment as it has a high capacity of resulting ear cancer and heart cancer too. Hypertension and sleep disturbances are also a cause of noise filthiness.
Therefore the effects of water and air pollutions are more severe and are causing the country in danger. The water crisis in Pakistan is at a high alert. Government Of Pakistan is taking various steps to remove Environmental Issues in Pakistan from the country in which population control is a major remedy.